As a nation that upholds the right to freedom, the right to security and protection, and the right to life, Canada will grant refugee protection to any individual who flees his or her home country from persecution as a result of religion, race, gender, nationality, gender orientation, political opinion, social group, or sexual orientation.
Any individual who presents himself at a Canadian entry port, Citizenship Canada (IRCC), Immigration, Refugees or Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), may make a claim for asylum. The IRCC or CBSA then determines the eligibility of the individual to claim asylum.
Apart from providing proof of persecution from their country of origin, these individuals will also be made to undergo biographic, criminality, security and biometric checks before they’re granted Canadian refugee status.
If your claim for asylum is denied, you must leave Canada immediately and go back to your home country. However, applicants who are denied asylum may apply to the Refugee Appeal Division (RAD) of Canada’s Immigration and Refugee board within 15 days of getting the Refugee Protection Division’s written decision. An applicant has 30 days from the day of receiving the written denial decision to file appeal.
Unless there’s need for an oral hearing, the RAD has 90 days to decide on the appeal.
Canadians have always sponsored and helped refuges to settle into their life in Canada.
Through these sponsorship programs refugees are given a place to live. They are given social, financial and emotional support, and food and clothes are donated to them as they try to adjust to their new life.
Groups of Five can be described as a private sponsorship program through which 5 or more permanent residents or Canadian citizens come together to sponsor refugees and help them resettle into their community. The sponsors must be at least 18 years old, and are only allowed to sponsor applicants with Canadian refugee status.
The Blended Visa Office-Referred Program, which is a semi-private sponsorship program, has private sponsors who collaborate with the Canadian government to sponsor any refugee identified by the United Nations Refugee Agency.
Organizations and corporations can also sponsor refugees as Sponsorship Agreement Holders, which is a community sponsorship program for applicants with Canadian refugee status, or through the Joint Assistance Sponsorship Program, through which organizations collaborate with the Canadian government to sponsor those refugees with special needs.